Due to budget cuts in many American schools, parent monitoring is becoming more important to assure that children have sound, fundamental reading skills. Teachers are still teaching reading, but, with increased class size, the individual attention that some students need is diminishing. Parents who want their children to succeed will have to pick up the slack, especially if no reading specialist is available to them.
The following list includes most basic mistakes children often make when learning to read. When your beginning or struggling reader reads aloud to you, make note if (s)he often repeats the same mistake. If (s)he does, calmly focus on it during the next read aloud. When the child is forced to pay attention the same mistake, (s)he often will soon learn to correct it. Errors in decoding skills (consonants, vowels, sight words) sometimes need extra outside practice. See our Learn to Read Bingo Games or look for workbooks available in teachers’ stores. TpT (www.teacherspayteachers.com) is my favorite.
1.consonants (Learn to Read Bingo: Beginning & Ending Consonants)
2. consonant blends (Learn to Read Bingo: Consonant Blends)
3. simple short vowels (Learn to Read Bingo: Short Vowel Families)
4. simple long vowels (Learn to Read Bingo: Long Vowel Families)
5. regular double vowels (Reading Tutor Bingo: Reading Long Vowel Words)
6. irregular vowel combinations (Reading Tutor Bingo: Difficult Clusters Sets A & B)
8. irregular sight words (Sight Word Kits A & B)
9. not using the context to figure out unknown words
1. words left out
2. substitutes words
3. word-by-word reading
4. doesn’t observe punctuation
5. pauses in the wrong places, disrupting meaning
6. rate—too fast or too slow
Comprehension Skills Necessary:
1. literal recall of facts and events
2. inferences that require thinking
3. retells using only important points
4. retells in correct time sequence
5. knows the main idea
6. understands new vocabulary
7. uses good grammar in talking about the reading
Parent modeling of reading is the most effective means of helping a child learn fundamentals. Draw attention to the story structure, clarify information and vocabulary, and extend your child’s responses.
If a child’s problems are more than you think you can handle, “stay calm and carry on.” Talk to your child’s teacher or counselor, and ask about school or community resources.
For more ideas, see our free Tip: The Best Way to Read a Story.
© Reading Spotlight 2017